By Vladimir P. Vizgin, J.B. Barbour
Regardless of the swiftly increasing ambit of actual examine and the continuous visual appeal of recent branches of physics, the most thrust in its improvement has been the test at a theoretical synthesis of the full physique of actual wisdom. Vladimir Vizgin's paintings offers possibly the 1st systematic historico-scientific learn of the formation and improvement of the unified box theories within the normal context of twentieth century physics. targeting the 1st 3 a long time of the century and drawing widely on Russian resources, the writer analyses the 1st successes, mess ups and paths of extra improvement of the unified box theories. He offers the evolution of those theories as a strategy of interaction/competition among the geometric box and quantum study courses, and ascertains the relevance of those theories for basic strategies in sleek box conception.
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Additional info for Unified Field Theories: In the First Third of the 20th Century
I regard the view that does not ascribe any physical properties to the absolute vacuum as the only consistent one.  An extended criticism of the ether concept was published by Campbell in 1910 . 7 Even in these years, however, the hopes of a return of the ether-mechanical view were not abandoned. For example, the atomistic model of the ether developed by Lenard enjoyed great popularity, and, in the view of some physicists, "indicated the way to a possible mechanical explanation in the future of the relativity principle itself in the form that it has been given by Einstein" (, p.
18-19 of the German original and p. 16 of the Russian translation). 26 CHAPTER 1 about gravitation—ideally, these equations could also include gravitation. It could also be the case that the unified theory equations would go beyond the framework of Lorentz covariance, and the larger invariance group found as a result could be used in searches for the equations of the gravitational field. Einstein did not succeed, however, in constructing a unified theory of the electromagnetic field, the electron, and quanta on a field basis, and he returned to the investigation of more specialized problems, both in the field of quantum theory and in the field of gravitation.
In accordance with the prin ciples of the electromagnetic field program] electrons and, generally, the smallest particles of matter are not entities sharply different from the uni versal ether. They are not, as was still believed 20 years ago, bodies foreign to the ether; rather, particles are merely places at which the ether is in a particularly singular state, which we call electric charge. (, p. 511) Slightly later, he described in more detail the manner in which particles exist in the ether: In my theory, the electron...