By Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (Ed.), Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
This assortment bargains a severe evaluation of transcendentalism, the knowledge of attention, absolutized as a method of a priori legislation of the brain, that used to be complicated by way of Kant and Husserl. As those experiences express, transcendentalism severely educated twentieth Century phenomenological research into such concerns as temporality, historicity, mind's eye, objectivity and subjectivity, freedom, moral judgment, paintings, praxis. Advances in technological know-how have now provoked a wondering of absolutely the prerogatives of recognition. Transcendentalism is challenged by means of empirical reductionism. And recogni. Read more...
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Additional info for Transcendentalism overturned : from absolute power of consciousness until the forces of cosmic architectonics
73. 14 In the “Transcendental Analytic,” Kant examines the deduction of the pure concepts of understanding and, then he refers to Die Rechtslehrer as they distinguish between “quid juris” and “quid facti”, then also calling the first one “deduction”. It is, of course, this that motivates Kant in using this terminology – the point, then, being the strict “deductive” character which Kant is to carry through in his transcendental reasoning, in the form of “critique,” in his Critique of Pure Reason.
So when Kant returns to Plato in The transcendental Dialectics – which often (by the neo-Kantians among others) is considered a “clean up” of intellectual space, the question is: why? Is he motivated by a “pure historical” interest, or is it, on the contrary, something even fundamentally philosophical that motivates? It is unlikely that Kant is motivated by an interest in examining some factual “pure historical” influence Platonic philosophy may have had in the development of natural science; what is likely rather seems to be some genuine philosophical needs.
Historicity is the most obvious in the existence and life of everybody – and it is the most fundamental and transcendental. This is new in regard to Kant (even though it is not quite new in regard to the German Idealism, especially Hegel). Now, after this somewhat historical exposition, in the perspective of historicity, let’s turn towards one particular perspective on this same issue. As we have indicated, the neo-Kantians regarded themselves to be the authentic representatives of Kant’s philosophy at the time when Husserl developed his phenomenology.