By Abraham Ascher
It is a concise historical past of the Revolution of 1905, a severe juncture within the historical past of Russia while numerous attainable paths have been spread out for the rustic. by way of the tip of that yr, nearly each social team had turn into energetic within the competition to the autocracy, which was once at the breaking point. simply the promise of reform, specifically the formation of a parliament (Duma) that may perform governing the rustic, enabled to outdated order to outlive. For a few eighteen months the competition and the Tsarist regime persisted to fight for supremacy, and in basic terms in June 1907 did the govt. reassert its authority. It greatly replaced the quite liberal electoral legislation, depriving many voters of the vote. even though the revolution used to be now over, a few institutional adjustments remained intact. such a lot significantly, Russia retained an elected legislature and political events talking for varied social and fiscal pursuits. for this reason, the autocratic process of rule was once undermined, and the destiny of the political and social order remained doubtful.
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Extra resources for The Revolution of 1905: A Short History
It seemed to the liberals that the government was prepared to push ahead with its reformist policies. They also believed that to maintain momentum it was critical to keep up the pressure on the authorities. The liberals now took the offensive in local organs of self-government, seeking their support for resolutions favoring major political reform. This was not easy. Unlike the congress in Petersburg, the local bodies were official institutions with strict limitations on the issues they could discuss.
He was a more complicated and 32 Old Regime Under Siege thoughtful man than his many detractors realized. As police chief of Moscow, he had concluded that police measures alone would not suffice to stifle agitation against the autocracy. He contended that workers had legitimate demands for better conditions, and he also argued that student unrest would not end until the government’s restrictions were loosened. Then in July 1905 he urged the tsar to allow Jews to participate in the elections to the planned national assembly on the grounds that only if the causes of their discontent were removed would the Jews cease to be active in the opposition.
Gapon swore his associates to secrecy about the document, but in informing them of his ultimate intentions, if that is really what they were, he strengthened his hold on their loyalty. Gapon’s true convictions and intentions remain something of a mystery. Conceivably, he himself had not yet sorted out his beliefs and plans and still held contradictory views on the autocracy, which would be consistent with his mercurial character. He cherished great ideals and great ambitions, but beyond that he lacked clarity of purpose.