By Leon Fink
From the top of the 19th century during the first a long time of the 20th, the U.S. skilled unparalleled structural switch. Advances in conversation and production expertise caused a revolution for significant industries akin to railroads, coal, and metal. The still-growing kingdom verified fiscal, political, and cultural entanglements with forces out of the country. neighborhood moves in production, city transit, and building positioned hard work matters entrance and middle in political campaigns, legislative corridors, church pulpits, and newspapers of the era.
The lengthy Gilded Age considers the interlocking roles of politics, exertions, and internationalism within the ideologies and associations that emerged on the flip of the 20 th century. offering a brand new twist on important topics of yank hard work and working-class historical past, Leon Fink examines how the yankee conceptualization of unfastened exertions performed out in iconic business moves, and the way "freedom" within the office turned overwhelmingly tilted towards person estate rights on the rate of bigger group criteria. He investigates the criminal and highbrow facilities of revolutionary proposal, situating American coverage activities inside a global context. specifically, he lines the advance of yank socialism, which appealed to a tender new release by means of advantage of its very un-American roots and influences.
The lengthy Gilded Age deals either a transnational and comparative examine a formative period in American political improvement, putting this tumultuous interval inside a world disagreement among the capitalist market and social transformation.
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Additional info for The Long Gilded Age: American Capitalism and the Lessons of a New World Order
As early as the 1860s, Pennsylvania anthracite miners had shrewdly embraced ‘‘market unionism,’’ calculatingly using work stoppages to reduce the coal supply and thus drive up prices. The movement notched a major breakthrough with the first ‘‘joint conference’’ in the bituminous fields in 1897 that established competitive wage scales across differentiated regions (except for the unions’ Achilles heel of West Virginia). It was precisely the contract system—at least when sustained by a militant rank and file—whom a latterday Wobbly credited for turning ‘‘plain, humble, submissive [creatures] into .
So it was that the strikers, white and black, initially enjoyed strong support from the local press and elected officials of surrounding communities. ’’51 In both March and September 1885, Knights of Labor mobilizations brought the Gould railway network to heel: in both cases railroad management sat down with labor representatives, withdrew cuts, and rehired fired union stalwarts for what appeared to be an extended commitment to industrial peace. The same period witnessed Brought to you by | Cambridge University Library Authenticated Download Date | 6/7/16 5:25 AM The American Ideology 27 a gathering independent labor politics in communities around the railroad region.
Though never consummated as a political alliance, Carnegie later supported Secretary of State Bryan’s earnest efforts (in the Wilson Administration) at arranging international arbitration treaties. His last commitment, what he called his greatest, was the establishment of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1910. 35 Never a deep thinker but rather an impressive doer, Carnegie was a man caught between different worlds of time and place. Living effectively as a bi-national, he regularly projected the idealism and worldly success that he attached to his American experience back onto the forms of midnineteenth-century British radical democracy.