By Karen Leeder
Usually considered as the best German poet of the 20 th century, Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926) is still the most influential figures of ecu modernism. during this spouse, major students supply informative and thought-provoking essays on his existence and social context, his correspondence, all his significant collections of poetry together with so much famously the Duino Elegies and Sonnets to Orpheus, and his seminal novel of Modernist anxiousness, The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge. Rilke's severe contexts are explored intimately: his courting with philosophy and the visible arts, his position inside of modernism and his dating to ecu literature, and his reception in Europe and past. With its priceless consultant to extra studying and a chronology of Rilke's existence and paintings, this better half will supply an available, attractive account of this awesome poet whose legacy looms so huge at the present time.
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Extra info for The Cambridge Companion to Rilke
The German, French and Italian parts of Switzerland were equally important to him and it appears that Rilke believed that in Switzerland he could experience Europe in a nutshell. During the first two years in his new environment he kept moving from one place to the next, re-establishing for himself a certain travel routine between cultures and languages. 13 ¨ Between 1919 and 1921 Rilke began translating Paul Val´ery, completed the description of an unusual experiment (‘Ur-Gerausch’, ‘Primal Sound’ or ¨ ‘Sound of the Origins’), produced in an act of what seemed like ‘automatic writing’ a poetic cycle called ‘From the Literary Remains of Count C.
In the ‘Florentine Diary’ Rilke had already referred to artistic creation as a quasi-clerical order that connects the artist with the sacred. It is indeed one of the subtle paradoxes in Rilke’s development that when he had reached the threshold of modernism in writing he sought to receive his main inspiration from medieval, in parts clerical sources and most importantly from the pre-modern, even archaic world of Russia. In those years (spring 1899 and summer 1900) and after intensive language studies, he travelled through Russia twice, first with Lou Andreas-Salom´e and her husband, the orientalist Friedrich Carl Andreas, and for the second time with Lou alone.
However critical Rilke was about Paris, the metropolis on the Seine never ceased to fascinate him. It helped him to reshape his life, albeit at the expense of his family, for Rilke and Clara decided to live separate lives (but were never divorced) for the sake of fostering their respective artistic careers. 9University on Wed Feb 13 22:48:44 WET 2013. 002 Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 Rilke: a biographical exploration sense of the word: after having lived there twice it became virtually impossible for the poet to settle anywhere for a longer period of time, except during his last years in the castle tower of Muzot.