Saving seeds: the economics of conserving crop genetic by B Koo, P G Pardey, B D Wright PDF

Saving seeds: the economics of conserving crop genetic by B Koo, P G Pardey, B D Wright PDF

By B Koo, P G Pardey, B D Wright

This booklet offers information of the commercial stories, led by means of the overseas nutrition coverage study Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the five Consultative crew on overseas Agricultural examine (CGIAR) centres, specifically CIAT (based in Colombia), CIMMYT (Mexico), ICARDA (Syria), ICRISAT (India) and IRRI (Philippines), at the expenditures of the conservation, use and distribution of germplasm in ex situ gene banks, and discusses their coverage and administration implications. It represents beneficial study of curiosity to these operating in crop conservation, plant breeding and genetics, in addition to agricultural economics and coverage. to be had In Print

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Additional info for Saving seeds: the economics of conserving crop genetic resources ex situ in the future harvest centres of the CGIAR

Example text

In larger operations, comparatively well-paid geneticists or agronomists can be fully employed in managing the genebank rather than spending time on less productive tasks – such as sorting and classifying seed – which are better assigned to less expensive technicians or temporary workers. Economies of scale are further exploited when the genebank facility is large enough to use efficiently other lumpy fixed factors – such as physical infrastructure and scientific expertise – as well as variable inputs, such as hired labour and chemicals.

Though not a costing study per se, SGRP (2000) reported the required expenditure to upgrade the CG genebank operations to international standards. 2 Naturally, genebanks that fall far below the acceptable standard need more expenditure than those that are close to it. Thus, the size of the funding sought in this report reflected the status of genebank operations relative to the target level; it did not provide information on the current cost of conserving accessions along with the structural or managerial changes that would lead to improved cost efficiencies of the genebank system as a whole or its component parts.

N/a, not available. bWheat 23 Saving Seeds - Chap 03 18/8/04 24 10:47 Page 24 Chapter 3 collection expeditions sponsored by IPGRI’s precursor, the International Board of Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), throughout Latin America, southern Europe and Asia got under way in 1975 (Reid and Konopka, 1988). This IPGRI-related work continued through to 1985, by which time a further 1500 samples had been added to the CIMMYT collection. The CIMMYT holdings grew at a more rapid rate thereafter, to its present size of more than 17,000 accessions.

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