By Afsaneh Najmabadi
Because the mid-1980s, the Islamic Republic of Iran has authorised, and in part sponsored, intercourse reassignment surgical procedure. In Professing Selves, Afsaneh Najmabadi explores the which means of transsexuality in modern Iran. Combining ancient and ethnographic learn, she describes how, within the postrevolutionary period, the domain names of legislations, psychology and psychiatry, Islamic jurisprudence, and biomedicine grew to become invested in distinguishing among the suitable "true" transsexual and different different types of id, significantly the "true" gay, an unacceptable classification of lifestyles in Iran. Najmabadi argues that this collaboration between clinical specialists, really expert clerics, and country officials—which made transsexuality a legally tolerated, if now not precisely celebrated, classification of being—grew out of Iran's specific event of Islamicized modernity. ironically, kingdom legislation has produced new areas for non-normative residing in Iran, when you consider that picking who's really "trans" relies mostly at the tales that individuals decide to inform, at the selves that they profess.
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Extra resources for Professing Selves: Transsexuality and Same-Sex Desire in Contemporary Iran
By summer 2007, all applicants were sent to the tpi, known for its trans-friendly professionals, where they either saw one of two main therapists affiliated with this project (Farzadi and Pahlavani, at the time of my work), or were sent for therapy at private clinics if the tpi could not accommodate new clients. This was only one of many significant procedural details that changed during the course of my fieldwork, making a description of trans as merely a state- approved category deceptively simplified.
When I first began this project, I had imagined this thing we call “the state” with a very clear agenda of eliminating homosexuals. As I became more familiar with the so-called filtering process, I imagined the supervised process as one aimed at trapping trans persons to confessions of homosexuality. Farzadi’s approach was unexpectedly disarming. When I interviewed him in October 2006, Farzadi had worked for almost four years at the tpi. His responsibilities included supervising the admission of clients at the Sex Clinic, directing the certification process for trans persons all the way to the commission review stage, and writing up and sending the commission’s decisions to the lmoi.
Ordinarily, the main duty of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists who work under the auspices of this Ward is to respond to requests from judicial authorities, such as the prosecutors and the courts, related to case files under judicial consideration. ”12 This much-sought-after certification is the legal document that opens numerous doors. Not only does the certificate authorize the permissibility of hormonal treatment and sex reassignment surgery (srs), but it also entitles the recipient to basic health insurance (provided by the state), financial assistance (for partial cost of surgeries and for housing aid), and exemption from military service.