Download PDF by Siobhan Chapman: Philosophy for linguists: an introduction

Download PDF by Siobhan Chapman: Philosophy for linguists: an introduction

By Siobhan Chapman

Philosophy for Linguists offers scholars with a transparent, concise creation to the most subject matters within the philosophy of language. concentrating on what scholars of linguistics want to know and the way philosophy pertains to smooth linguistics, the e-book is established round key branches of the sphere: semantics, pragmatics, and language acquisition. Assuming no earlier wisdom of philosophy, Siobhan Chapman lines the historical past and improvement of rules within the philosophy of language and descriptions the contributions of particular philosophers. The e-book is very available and student-oriented and comprises: a common advent and introductions to every bankruptcy a variety of examples and quotations finished feedback for extra analyzing an intensive word list of linguistic phrases.

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But he allowed that we generally assume that those ideas are formed from information from our senses about real objects: ‘It is therefore the actual receiving of ideas from without that gives us notice of the existence of other things and makes us know that something doth exist at that time without us which causes that idea in us’ (Book IV, Chapter XI, 2). Locke’s views here can perhaps be likened to those of Aristotle, who as we have seen, maintained that words stand for individual ideas, but allowed that the material objects which formed those ideas were actual and constant.

It can perhaps be seen as an early reference to the distinction we have already encountered between ‘use’ and ‘mention’. e. by 24 Words and things its relation to ideas or to things. This happens not only when one speaks as a grammarian but also when one speaks as a lexicographer, giving the explanation of a name. (287) Leibniz is noticing here that words are not always used to refer to objects or ideas; sometimes we need to refer to words themselves, most often when, as he suggests, we are concerned with the actual linguistic properties of words.

This example is discussed by the philosopher Keith Donnellan in his 1966 essay ‘Reference and definite description’. He labels the first case an example of the referential use of a definite description. The second, which he argues is a common type of use of definite descriptions, but one not considered by Russell, he labels an example of the attributive use. Before we move on to study the relationship between language and truth, it’s worth sparing a thought for the ideational accounts of meaning.

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