By Philip Norton
Strain teams are primary to pluralist societies. yet what's the dating among these teams and parliaments? This paintings explores the hyperlinks among parliaments and strain teams, assessing the level and effect of the touch that happens. Is strain crew job invaluable to parliament? And what are the consequences for the political process?
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Additional resources for Parliaments in Contemporary Western Europe, Vol. 2: Parliaments and Pressure Groups in Western Europe
38 An increase in the number of groups would be expected to lead to an increase in the volume of lobbying in the political system, rather than an increase primarily in lobbying of parliament. A second development has been a shift from distributive to redistributive policy. As the economic conditions of the nation worsened in the 1960s and the 1970s, so government pursued redistributive rather than distributive policies. Those bodies seeking a share of the increasingly limited resources thus had to compete with one another for those resources.
27. 280. 28. The Financial Times, 23 Dec. 1985. 29. In some cases, where extensive monitoring and lobbying is required, firms may be paying political consultancies a six-figure sum. 30. M. Franklin and P. Norton, 'Questions and Members', in M. Franklin and P. 111. 31. 284. 32. P. 186. 33. 186–8. 34. See, for example, M. 234–49. 35. See F. 213–33; and P. 218–35. 36. The groups had been especially active in lobbying candidates during the 1992 election and in organising lobbying at constituency level.
68 However, the register was not made public and few other substantive changes followed. The Select Committee on Members' Interests discussed the possibility of a register of professional lobbyists, eventually recommending in favour of such a register in 1991. Its recommendation was not pursued by the House and was overtaken by events. In the summer of 1994, The Sunday Times ran a story revealing that a journalist posing as a businessman had offered 20 MPs £1,000 each to table a parliamentary question and two of them had not declined the offer.