By Walter J. Spielberger
Vol. IV of IV.
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This tank had its turret blown off by a satchel charge after being knocked out and abandoned. C. He was advised that a mission was being formed for the immediate shipment of 12 Pershing tanks with tools and ammunition to Naha, Okinawa. Because of his previous experience introducing the tank in Germany, Gray was asked to head the mission and institute a training program in the use and care of the vehicle for both the operating personnel and Ordnance maintenance crews. Changes or modifications necessary for use in the Pacific Theater The war in Europe was drawing to a close and greater attention could be given to the situation in the Pacific.
The T20 pilot is shown above with the gun forward (top left) and locked in the travel position (top right). The circular rotating hatch for the tank commander is the same as on the M4 medium tank with a mount for an antiaircraft machine gun and a periscope in one side of the split cover. This early version of the loader's hatch with the rectangular split cover is oriented parallel to the axis of the gun tube. The loader's periscope cover is just forward of the hatch. The tank is shown with all covers open at the left.
The Ninth Army was allocated the first group of 40 Pershings (24 from Antwerp plus 16 from Le Havre) from the new shipment. They were divided with 22 tanks going to the 2nd Armored Division and 18 to the 5th Armored Division. Captain Griffin and Slim Price were sent ahead to the 2nd Armored Division to arrange training for the tank crews. Captain Gray spent several days setting up the distribution of spare parts and trying to expedite the modifications of additional M25 tank transporters. He visited Ninth Army Headquarters on April 2nd and picked up information on the approximate location of the 2nd Armored Division.