Landscapes and Landforms of South Africa - download pdf or read online

Landscapes and Landforms of South Africa - download pdf or read online

By Stefan Grab, Jasper Knight

This publication offers a superbly illustrated evaluation of the main well-liked landscapes of South Africa and the special landforms linked to them. It describes the procedures, origins and the environmental importance of these landscapes, together with their relationships to human task of the earlier and current. The websites defined during this e-book contain, among others, the Blyde River Canyon, Augrabies Falls, Kruger nationwide Park, Kalahari wilderness landscapes, the nice Escarpment, Sterkfontein caves and karst procedure, desk Mountain, Cape winelands, coastal dunes, rocky coasts, Boer warfare battlefield websites, and Vredefort effect structure.

Landscapes and Landforms of South Africa offers a brand new point of view on South Africa’s scenic landscapes via contemplating their range, lengthy and brief time period histories, and value for geoconservation and geotourism. This booklet could be proper to these drawn to the geology, actual geography and background of South Africa, weather swap and panorama tourism.

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Stone tools, rock engravings; Reimold and Gibson 2010) and includes traces of significant settlements from the Late Iron Age up to the early nineteenth century. Human impacts on the regional landscape include gold mining in the collar rocks during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, alluvial diamond diggings along the Vaal River, and quarrying for granite dimension stone in the latter part of the 20th century. Whilst not strictly linked to the Dome itself, South Africa’s largest bentonite clay deposits are mined from Karoo rocks overlying the Dome in the south.

S Afr J Sci 105:356–362 Büdel B, Weber B, Kühl M, Pfanz H, Sültemeyer D, Wessels D (2004) Reshaping of sandstone surfaces by cryptoendolithic cyanobacteria: bioalkalization causes chemical weathering in arid landscapes. Geobiology 2:261–268 Chan MA, Moser K, Davis JM, Southam G, Hughes K, Graham T (2005) Desert potholes: ephemeral aquatic microsystems. Aquat Geochem 11:279–302 Croll JGA (2009) Possible role of thermal ratcheting in alligator cracking of asphalt pavements. Int J Pavement Eng 10:447–453 Denis A, Huneau F, Hoerlé S, Salomon A (2009) GPR data processing for fractures and flakes detection in sandstone.

These waterfalls are controlled by the Rooihoogte Formation and include the Bridal Veil, Horseshoe and Lonecreek falls. Headward Fluvial Erosional Features: Southern Escarpment Features formed by headward erosion of rivers are well displayed in the region south of Sabie, where broadly eastwest trending tributaries of the Crocodile, Elands and Komati rivers all show how rivers have responded to variations in bedrock properties (Fig. 1). The relatively hard Fig. 6 The Mac Mac waterfall flowing over a knick point associated with resistant quartzites of the Black Reef and underlying Wolkberg formations.

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