By Sailaja Pingali
Indian English is a moment language to such a lot of its audio system, but in the course of its 400-year historical past, it has got its personal personality whereas nonetheless seeking to local different types of English for its norms. Pinjali Sailaja discusses the advanced nature of Indian English, which isn't rather a monolithic entity. He distinguishes among usual and non-standard types and offers an outline in their salient gains.
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Extra info for Indian English (Dialects of English)
Words with -teen are stressed on the first syllable in IE: 11. thirteen fifteen seventeen If word stress is unpredictable, sentence stress is even more so. In contrast to RP, IE tends to have stress on many words in a sentence. A sentence like Ramesh will come late to the party as usual tends to have stress on all the content words. PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY 33 There is a tendency in IE to stress the initial pronoun in the following sentences: 12. (a) He is saying that two is too much. (b) She took leave for two years.
Individual variation is quite considerable in IE. The extent to which Indian features of pronunciation will occur in the speech of an individual varies from person to person. 1 Consonant sounds Consonants are described using three main criteria: place of articulation, that is, the point in the oral cavity where two organs come into contact with each other; manner of articulation, that is the way in which the air stream is closed and released; and voicing, that is whether the vocal cords vibrate or not.
A) The people who came yesterday. . (b) The people that came yesterday. . For some types of structures, both the British and the American forms are heard. For example, we find: 24. (a) I insisted that she took the sweater. (British) (b) I insisted that she take the sweater. (American) 25. (a) We’ve just finished dinner. (British) (b) We just finished dinner. (American) IE has features of syntax that are predominantly British but there are structures that are American as well. In the use of have in standard IE, one comes across the diﬀerent structures given in (26) below.