By J. Lambie
In a full of life and subversive research, psychologist John Lambie explains how one can see one other person's perspective whereas closing serious – in different phrases the way to be 'critically open-minded'. utilizing pleasing examples from heritage and psychology, Lambie explores the consequences of serious open-mindedness for medical and ethical development.
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Additional info for How to Be Critically Open-Minded : A Psychological and Historical Analysis
What is needed is openness plus criticality. But why can’t you have closed-mindedness plus criticality? Closed-mindedness plus criticality sounds possible, but in fact it is incoherent. It quickly collapses into critical open-mindedness. This is because if you are genuinely critical about your preferred point of view then, by definition, you are no longer closed-minded because you seriously consider the possibility that an alternative view may be correct. The key features of critical open-mindedness, then, are the following: (a) more than one point of view or theory is “held open” or seriously considered; and (b) all “held open” points of view are continually critically judged, with provisional assent given to the “winning” point of view.
Corresponding authors based in Asian countries (and in particular Japan) reported more positive results than in the US, who in turn reported more positives than in Europe, and particularly in the UK” (p. 896). Some disciplines, such as clinical medicine, psychology, and economics have had large increases in positive results since 1990, whereas a few, such as space science and geosciences showed a slight decrease. In clinical medicine, 100% of papers published in 2007 showed support for the hypothesis tested, whereas this figure was only 65% in space science.
If I am open-minded then I leave open the possibility that maybe she is right. Finally, consider a third issue. Why am I so unhappy? Let’s say I have three theories – because my job is too stressful, because I don’t socialize enough, because low light levels in the winter affect my mood. I may be convinced it’s because of my job, and strongly reject the other two theories (closed-minded), or think that all three are possible (open-minded). So, many different kinds of theory or points of view can be treated in an open- or a closed-minded way, from scientific theories to views about social matters, to theories about ourselves.