By Norma J. Kriger
This serious exam of post-war of independence peace payment and veterans' courses is the 1st prolonged learn of the complicit dating among the ruling occasion and the veterans. It indicates continuities within the dating among President Mugabe's govt and guerrilla veterans within the first seven years in modern Zimbabwe (1980-1987). because the contemporary election has tested, Mugabe and the veterans proceed to collaborate, utilizing violence and liberation struggle rhetoric to keep up energy via land invasions and political purges.
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Additional info for Guerrilla Veterans in Post-war Zimbabwe: Symbolic and Violent Politics, 1980-1987
The numerically dominant Ndebele in ZAPU remained divided. In 1970 these tensions gave rise to armed uprisings in the camps in Zambia. Subsequently, Shona “moderate” leaders defected, though not to ZANU, and many well-trained ZIPRA guerrillas joined ZANLA. Among the defectors was James Chikerema, the external ZAPU leader. He was succeeded by Jason Moyo, a leader of the “radical” Kalanga faction and chief military leader. Moyo brought a number of “radical” military leaders, including Dumiso Dabengwa and Alfred “Nikita” Mangena, to prominent positions in ZAPU.
In particular, transitions deemed “successful” privilege peace-building agendas over domestic actors’ war agendas, and foreclose ongoing inquiry into how settlements may be used as instruments to advance domestic actors’ war agendas or how the war past and the legacy of the 12 Guerrilla Veterans in Post-War Zimbabwe settlement may loom large in post-settlement politics. The divorce of these measures of success from the history and politics of wars and settlements must also jeopardize the validity of evaluations of transitions.
Governments may fear that demobilization itself will be a threat to peace. The federal government of Nigeria resisted demobilizing the vast numbers of men it had mobilized to ﬁght a civil war because it claimed the country needed a large army to deter future threats to its sovereignty and survival and allegedly saw the demobilization of large numbers of soldiers who were unlikely to ﬁnd alternative employment to be a political threat. From the government’s perspective, the political risks Introduction 21 of rapid demobilization made the heavy economic cost of supporting a large army in peace-time worthwhile.