By The Geological Socity of America
In 2004, the Sociedad Geológica Mexicana (Geological Society of México) celebrated its first centenary. To mark this milestone, the society released (in Spanish) a suite of papers that current the cutting-edge in a few components of Mexican geology. The geological group will locate during this English-language model of the quantity priceless details on various themes regarding the Mexican territory. This unique Paper specializes in 3 matters: reports of a few of the geological provinces, significant faults that represent tectonic borders, and ore deposits. Papers are of common or nearby personality yet offer a deep therapy of the topics and produce jointly beneficial details for researchers, scholars, technicians, and others attracted to México.
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Extra resources for Geology Of Mexico: Celebrating the Centenary of the Geological Society of Mexico
In principle, discriminating between the two end-members (anatexis versus fractional crystallization) and assessing crustal contributions to rhyolitic magmatism may appear relatively straightforward, as mantle and continental crust are thought to have distinctive 87Sr/86Sr and εNd (and other isotopic) compositions. , 1996; Albrecht and Goldstein, 2000). , εNd of ~+4 to −4, Fig. 11) (Wark, 1991; Johnson, 1991). Nevertheless, some crustal contribution to rhyolite magmatism is generally required from isotopic considerations (Cameron and Cameron, 1985; Wark, 1991).
2002). , 1996). ). It is worth emphasizing that existing studies on the petrogenesis of the Sierra Madre Occidental rhyolites are restricted to Oligocene sections from four sites in western Chihuahua (Batopilas, Divisadero, San Buenaventura, and Tómochic), one site in Zacatecas at the southeastern margin of the Sierra Madre Occidental, and two sections located in the Mesa Central (La Olivina, Chihuahua, and San Luis Potosí). In principle, discriminating between the two end-members (anatexis versus fractional crystallization) and assessing crustal contributions to rhyolitic magmatism may appear relatively straightforward, as mantle and continental crust are thought to have distinctive 87Sr/86Sr and εNd (and other isotopic) compositions.
An important implication of this interpretation was that the magmatic episode that generated the Sierra Madre Occidental did not represent a period of significant crustal growth. , cognate cumulate) essentially coeval with the rhyolites, and therefore representing several km of new crust that formed during the middle Tertiary beneath México (Cameron and Robinson, 1990). 5. THE CRUST AND THE MANTLE BENEATH THE SIERRA MADRE OCCIDENTAL: GEOPHYSICAL DATA Despite its scientific and economic significance, few geophysical studies are available for the Sierra Madre Occidental.