Earthquake-resistant design of masonry buildings by Miha Tomaževič PDF

Earthquake-resistant design of masonry buildings by Miha Tomaževič PDF

By Miha Tomaževič

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It cannot be attributed to the masonry alone. As a rule, mechanical characteristics of masonry are determined by testing standard specimens of masonry wallets and walls according to a set of standards EN 1052. 7 m high (Fig. 5). Specimens are placed in a testing machine, and the vertical load is increased at a uniform rate so that the failure occurs after 15-30 minutes after the beginning of testing. In cases where the wall is slender (height/thickness ratio greater than 20), lateral displacements at the mid-height of the wall are measured in order to take into account the slendemess.

After being used for a three-year test period, the ESM scale will be introduced as an international standard by the European Seismological Commission. 4 Occurrence of earthquakes Earthquakes do not occur regularly in space and time. Whereas possible locations of earthquake sources can be reasonably well defined on the basis of geological studies and the plate tectonics theory, the prediction of occurrence of earthquakes at a given location in time needs further correlation studies and instrumental observations.

5. Characteristic compressive^ and shear strength ,/cvk of concrete infill (EC 6). 4 Reinforcing steel Smooth or high bond (deformed) reinforcing steel with distinct yield plateau, which is used for reinforced concrete structures, is also used for reinforced and confined masonry construction. Especially shaped prefabricated ladder-type or truss-type reinforcement is often placed in mortar bed joints (Fig. 2). 2. Typical ladder- and truss-type prefabricated bed joint reinforcement. 08. 05, 44 Earthquake-Resistant Design of Masonry Buildings where: Suk = the characteristic value of the unit elongation at maximum tensile stress, ft = the tensile strength of the reinforcing steel, fy = the yield strength of the reinforcing steel, and (ft //y)k = the characteristic value of f (fy.

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