By Sandra Walklate
As crime is still a excessive profile factor troubling politicians, the general public and the media alike, the examine of criminology has boomed. supplying a world and comparative advent to the self-discipline, this informative publication is an obtainable advisor to the theoretical and useful techniques to the phenomena of crime. themes lined contain: well known myths and the phobia of crime crime within the place of work sufferers, offenders and questions of justice public coverage and perform world wide the way forward for crime prevention. effortless to learn, concise and supported through a word list of phrases and tips that could additional studying, Criminology: the fundamentals is an ideal creation to this crucial and well known topic.
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Extra info for Criminology The Basics
So it is important to examine this assumption to begin with. Counting crime The criminal victimisation survey concerns itself with measuring criminal incidents for which there are clearly identifiable victims. As a consequence it focuses attention on asking people questions about crimes against them as individuals and crimes against their property. So, because of the need to identify the victim and the difficulties of doing so for example, of say, Inland Revenue returns, it tends to ignore this kind of criminal activity.
Of course, in order to understand whether or not this is a meaningful thing to do, we would need to do some more research that takes us beyond these statistics. We would need to do some qualitative work: that is, spend some time talking in-depth with elderly females as a way of trying to establish whether or not when they talk of the fear of crime, that is what they are talking about or whether they are talking about something else. 2, these shift the meaning of the statistics by introducing the concept of masculinity.
These problems can be summarized in one question: what do we compare? Thus subsuming a wide range of possible ‘levels’ of comparison designed to seek out similarities, differences, the value of concepts, the applicability of explanations, the working of criminal justice systems, an understanding of cultures; to name a few. There is considerable debate within criminological literature as to the appropriateness of focusing on the similar or the different, but what shall be evident to the reader as the rest of this book unfolds, is just how difficult it is to make those comparisons and as a consequence just how difficult it might be to ‘borrow’ policies from one socio-cultural context and apply them in another.