By A. Trevor Thrall, Jane K. Cramer
This edited quantity addresses the problem of hazard inflation in American overseas coverage and family politics. The Bush administration's competitive crusade to construct public help for an invasion of Iraq reheated fears concerning the president's skill to govern the general public, and plenty of charged the management with 'threat inflation', duping the scoop media and deceptive the general public into assisting the battle lower than fake pretences.
Presenting the most recent learn, those essays search to reply to the query of why chance inflation happens and whilst it will likely be winning. easily outlined, it's the attempt by way of elites to create difficulty for a possibility that is going past the scope and urgency that disinterested research might justify. extra greatly, the method issues how elites view threats, the political makes use of of hazard inflation, the politics of possibility framing between competing elites, and the way the general public translates and perceives threats through the scoop media.
The struggle with Iraq will get specific awareness during this quantity, in addition to the 'War on Terror'. even though many think that the Bush management effectively inflated the Iraq possibility, there isn't a neat consensus approximately why this used to be winning. via either theoretical contributions and case experiences, this ebook showcases the 4 significant factors of hazard inflation -- realism, family politics, psychology, and constructivism -- and makes them confront each other without delay. the result's a richer appreciation of this crucial dynamic in US politics and overseas coverage, current and future.
This booklet could be of a lot pursuits to scholars folks overseas and nationwide protection coverage, foreign safety, strategic stories and IR more often than not.
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Additional info for American Foreign Policy and The Politics of Fear: Threat Inflation since 9/11
1993). Answers like inadvertence, fleeting impulses, the desire to do something and get on with it, all seem inappropriate if not frivolous and, although often correct, are rejected. Instead, the person looks for more serious and lasting beliefs and motives, and then attributes her behavior to them. This would be no more than a psychological curiosity if the effects stopped there. But, once formed, these explanations guide future behavior. If I think that I gave money on one occasion because I am a generous person, I will give more in the future; if as a national leader I ordered the use of force to free hostages, I must believe that this instrument is efficacious and therefore should respond similarly in other situations; if as president I gave a stiff response to another country, it must be because that state is deeply hostile and that deterrence if not force is required to meet it.
And Renshon, J. (2007) “Why hawks win,” Foreign Policy, January/ February: 34–38. Kaufman, S. J. (2001) Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 14 Jane K. Cramer and A. Trevor Thrall Kaufmann, C. (1994) “Out of the lab and into the archives: A method for testing psychological explanations of political decision making,” International Studies Quarterly, 38: 557–586. —— (2004) “Threat inflation and the failure of the marketplace of ideas: The selling of the Iraq war,” International Security, 29: 5–48.
Introduction 13 References Bennett, W. , Lawrence, R. G. and Livingston, S. (2007) When the Press Fails: Political Power and the News Media from Iraq to Katrina, Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press. Chomsky, N. (1997) Media Control: The Spectacular Successes of Propaganda, New York: Seven Stories. Cramer, J. K. (2007) “Militarized patriotism: why the marketplace of ideas failed before the Iraq war,” Security Studies, 16: 489–524. Cramer, J. K. and Thrall, A. T. ” Paper presented at the 2005 meeting of the International Studies Association, Chicago, IL.