Get Allium crop science : recent advances PDF

Get Allium crop science : recent advances PDF

By Haim D Rabinowitch, Lesley Currah

The Alliums are probably the most historic cultivated vegetation and comprise onions, garlic, leeks and different similar vegetation. the first target of this ebook is to compile, in one quantity, updated wisdom received through various medical disciplines, from the elemental molecular point, to software within the box, of the allium plants. It includes commissioned chapters on issues that experience proven significant advances quite within the final 10 years resembling molecular biology, floriculture and agronomy. individuals contain major international professionals from Europe, the united states, Japan and New Zealand.

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The first reliable records are from the 12th and 13th centuries in France and 16th and 17th centuries in England and Germany. In the herbals of that time, there are good illustrations of this group (Helm, 1956). 4. 1 Allium sativum L. Garlic is the second most important Allium species. It is grown worldwide in all temperate to subtropical (and mountainous tropical) areas as an important spice and medicinal plant. The bulb, composed of few to many densely packed elongated side bulbs (‘cloves’), is the main economic organ, and the fresh leaves, pseudostems and bulbils (topsets) are also consumed by humans.

Roylei, which was not accepted by Maaß (1997b) and Friesen and Klaas (1998). 3. Allium cepa L. 1 Description and variability Allium cepa is cultivated mainly as a biennial, but some types are treated as perennials. It is propagated by seeds, bulbs or sets (small bulbs). Bulbs have a reduced disc-like rhizome at the base. M. Fritsch and N. Friesen tall and gradually tapering from an expanded lower part. The leaves have rather short sheaths and differ in size and are near circular in cross-section but somewhat flattened on the adaxial side.

In the past, detailed investigations using modern methods have contributed more supportive data to evaluate and establish evolutionary lineages, and have resulted in more elaborate classifications with more and necessarily smaller groups. , 1992). Thus, the unknown phylogenetic connections between the taxonomic groups remain the most prominent problem of all Allium classification studies. • Most recently, molecular studies have resulted in independent data on the evolutionary history of the genus (see Fig.

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