By J.A. Callow (Ed.)
This quantity comprises 4 studies masking topics of curiosity to a wide +ange of botanists. Saxe examines the impact of polluted air on photosynthesis and stomatal functionality, and using physiological and biochemical responses for early detection of damage because of pressure and pollution. Streeter offers and review of the shipping and metabolism of carbon and nitrogen in legume nodules, and van Gardingen and beauty talk about the interplay of vegetation with wind, together with the impression of plants on air move and the ensuing impacts on microclimate, and description the newest advances in learn in to the physiological responses to wind. the development of fibre optic microprobes and their purposes in measuring the sunshine microenvironment inside plant tissues are thought of via Vogelman and his colleagues.
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Additional resources for Advances in Botanical Research, Vol. 18
3), indicating that SO2 only inhibited photosynthesis through increased residual (mesophyll) resistance. He suggested changes in the affinity of ribulose-1,5-bis-phosphate-carboxylaseoxidase (RuBPCO) towards oxygen. scavenging function. g. Caemmerer and Farquhar (1981), Cerovic et a1. (1982), and Winner and Mooney (1980b). In work with isolated barley protoplasts, Pfanz et al. (1987b) supported the fact that SO2can inhibit photosynthesis by different mechanisms at low and high cellular concentrations of SO2 and its anions.
Keller (1978) found that Abies alba and Picea excelsa generally react more strongly to long-term SO2 exposures (5&100ppb in field chambers) in the spring than in the summer and the autumn. Abies alba, however, was found to be nearly as sensitive in the autumn as in the spring. Data obtained by Houpis and Helms (1985) on long-term SO2 exposures of Pinus ponderosa (75 ppb in field chambers), on the other hand, indicate a large photosynthesis decline during the winter and a recovery during the spring.
RESPONSE TO LONG-TERM NO, EXPOSURE I. Photosynthesis response to long-term NO, exposure Typical responses. Sabaratnam et al. (1988) found a stimulation of photosynthesis in soybean plants at the lower NO2 concentrations tested for 5 days (100,200 and 300ppb, but only significant with 200 ppb). Concentrations of 3 500 ppb NO2 inhibited photosynthesis. Sabaratnam et al. (1988) found that the effects on photosynthesis were increased rather than reversed 24 h after the exposure was discontinued, while Lorenc-Plucinska (1988) found a general recovery after 24h and 48h, sometimes even with an overshoot.